Use of radio isotopes in carbon dating
In the military it is to make bombs (and hopefully not use them).There are also some uses in medicine where radio isotopes can be used for diagnosis and treatment.Carbon dating is somewhat accurate because we are able to determine what the ratio was in the unobservable past to a certain extent.By taking a carboniferous specimen of known age (that is, a specimen which we are able to date with reasonable certainty through some archaeological means), scientists are able to determine what the ratio was during a specimen's lifetime.These isotopes are produced by irradiation in low power reactors which enable short lived radio isotopes to be obtained as required.Isotopes are being used in agriculture for soil management as a fertilizer . The use of radioactive isotopes (radioisotopes) is important in nuclear medicine, which is a medical specialty involving the application of radioactive substances in the diagnosis and treatment of disease. Two of the most common include carbon dating to discover how old fossils and other historical organic (including carbon) artifacts are and uses of radioactive isotopes in medicine.Every element provides a couple of isotopes which are of very different use.For example, carbon has a radioactive isotope (14C).
Hydrogen has three isotopes, one of them deuterium (features one neutron), which makes it twice as heavy as normal hydrogen. Furthermore, the ratio is known to fluctuate significantly over relatively short periods of time (e.g. Unfortunately the ratio of carbon-12 to carbon-14 has yet to reach a state of equilibrium in our atmosphere; there is more carbon-14 in the air today than there was thousands of years ago.For example, a plant can be fed with D2O, afterwards you can see how much of it was metabolized and used for building biological substance, and how much of it was transpirated through the leaves.The use of nuclear energy in civilian society is to generate electricity.