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The return to economic stability boosted the regime's popularity.
Racism, especially antisemitism, was a central ideological feature of the regime.
Many others were imprisoned, worked to death, or murdered in Nazi concentration camps and extermination camps. While the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941 was initially successful, the Soviet resurgence and entry of the United States into the war meant the Wehrmacht (German armed forces) lost the initiative on the Eastern Front in 1943 and by late 1944 had been pushed back to the pre-1939 border.
Germany signed a non-aggression pact with the USSR, and invaded Poland on 1 September 1939, launching World War II in Europe. Reichskommissariats took control of conquered areas and a German administration was established in the remainder of Poland.
After the Allied invasion of France, Germany was conquered by the Soviet Union from the east and the other Allies from the west, and capitulated in May 1945.
Hitler's refusal to admit defeat led to massive destruction of German infrastructure and additional war-related deaths in the closing months of the war.
Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany by the President of the Weimar Republic, Paul von Hindenburg, on 30 January 1933.
The NSDAP then began to eliminate all political opposition and consolidate its power.