Dating consent laws
Age of consent laws cannot be considered in isolation to other legislation concerning issues such as sexual assault and child sexual abuse.For more information about the legislation concerning these issues, see the report (Quadara, Nagy, Higgins, & Siegel, 2015).In relation to sexual abuse charges in each state and territory, the key difference between child sexual assault and adult sexual assault is that adult sexual assault is based on the absence of sexual consent, whereas in child sexual assault, the issue of consent is superseded by age of consent laws (Eade, 2003).An important distinction should be made between "willingness" and "consent".
Recent sex education programs for children and young people aged below or at the age of consent have shifted from a dominantly risk-based paradigm to building knowledge and resilience, particularly with regard to contemporary matters such as digital technologies.Gender and gender inequality also play a role in sexual consent. 1294) find that "adolescent sexual values, personal beliefs and expectations about sex are deeply shaped by gendered behaviours regulated by their peer and social environments." Coercion can be described as the peer pressure put on one child by another to achieve compliance (Ryan, 1997). The lower end may include implied authority, manipulation, trickery or bribery.The top end of the continuum may include physical force, threats of harm and overt violence.The age of consent is 16 years of age in the Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, Victoria and Western Australia.In Tasmania and South Australia the age of consent is 17 years of age.